Article 1320

Title of the article



Dzhundzhuzov Stepan Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, associate professor, professor at the sub-department of Russian history, Orenburg State Pedagogical University (19 Sovetskaya street, Orenburg, Russia), E-mail: 

Index UDK





Background. From the moment of its foundation, Orenburg province has had scarce population. One of the sources of its replenishment, according to the Orenburg authorities, could be Ukrainian immigrants – Cherkasy. The article considers poorly studied issues related to the organization of resettlement and the circumstances impeding Ukrainian migrants to establish lasting settlements in the Orenburg frontier.
Materials and methods. The research sources include the materials and documents presented in the collections on the history of the Orenburg Cossacks and the history of Russian-Kazakh relations. A large number of materials is represented in the collections of the Orenburg Commission and the Orenburg provincial office, the State archive of Orenburg region. The method of critical analysis of historical sources was used to determine the reliability and representativeness of the documentary material.
Results. In the course of the study were analyzed normative acts, regulating the procedure and conditions of resettlement of Ukrainians to the Southern Urals, identified the location and the number of immigrants. Due to economic problems and weak protection of the Orenburg boundary line, the majority of Ukrainians returned to Ruthenia. A special attention was paid to activities of the Orenburg administration on the return of the Ukrainian Cossacks from the Kirghiz-Kaisak captivity.
Conclusions. A project to relocate the Little Russian Cossacks of Cherkasy, had not meet the expectations. After several years of poverty and deprivation most of them chose to return to Eastern Ukraine. The exception was a few dozen families settled several hundred versts away from Orenburg in Samara, Volga region, on the river Kinel. Involuntarily Cherkasy were caught in the midst of worsening relations between the ruler of the Junior Zhuz Abulkhair Khan and the Governor of Orenburg Neplyuev. The capture of more than eighty of the Little Russian Cossacks and the subsequent three-year “bargaining” for their release also fits into the historical
fabric of Russian-Kazakh relations and the history of Russian diplomacy of the 18th century. 

Key words

province, Cossacks, population, immigrants, captivity, decree, Ukrainians, frontier 


 Download PDF


1. Rychkov P. I. Istoriya Orenburgskaya (1730–1750) [The History of Orenburg (1730–1750)]. Orenburg: Tipo-litografiya Iv. Iv. Efimovskogo-Mirovitskogo, 1896, 95 p. [In Russian]
2. Vitevskiy V. N. I. I. Neplyuev i Orenburgskiy kray v prezhnem ego sostave do 1758 g.: monografiya: v 2 t. [I. I. Neplyuev and Orenburg region in its former composition before 1758]. Kazan: Tipo-litografiya V. M. Klyuchnikova, 1897, vol. 1–2, 616 p. [In Russian]
3. Peretyatkovich P. I. Malorossiyane v Orenburgskom krae pri nachale ego zaseleniya (po rukopisnym dokumentam arkhiva Minist. Yustitsii): pamyati V. P. Maslova [The Little Russians in Orenburg region at the beginning of its settlement (on the basis of manuscripts of the archive of the Ministry of Justice)]. Odessa: Tipografiya A. Shul'tse, 1888, 25 p. [In Russian]
4. Moloshchenkov A. N. Pereselenie ukraintsev na Yuzhnyy Ural i problemy ikh etnokul'turnogo razvitiya: avtoref. dis. kand. ist. nauk [Resettlement of Ukrainians to the South Urals and the issues of their ethnic cultural development: author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of historical sciences]. Moscow, 2010, 19 p. [In Russian]
5. Amelin V. V., Moloshchenkov A. N. Ukraintsy na Yuzhnom Urale [Ukrainians in the South Urals]. Orenburg: Izd. tsentr OGAU, 2012, 190 p. [In Russian]
6. Materialy po istoriko-statisticheskomu opisaniyu Orenburgskogo kazach'ego voyska: khronologicheskiy perechen' [The materials on a historical and statistical description the Orenburg Cossack Army: a chronological list]. Orenburg: Tip. O. Yakovleva, 1912, iss. 7, 472 p. [In Russian]
7. Kazakhsko-russkie otnosheniya v XVII–XVIII vekakh: sb. dokumentov i materialov [Russian-Kazakh relations in the 17th–18th centuries: collected documents and materials]. Akademiya nauk Kazakhskoy SSR. Alma-Ata: AN Kazakhskoy SSR, 1961, 741 p. [In Russian]
8. Karpov A. B. Ural'tsy. Istoricheskiy ocherk. Chast' 1-ya. Yaitskoe voysko ot obrazovaniya voyska do perepisi polkovnika Zakharova (1550–1725 gg.) [Urals settlers. A historical essay. Part 1. The Yaik army from the origin to the census by colonel Zakharov (1550–1725)]. Uralsk: Voyskovaya tipografiya, 1911, 1013 p. [In Russian]
9. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Orenburgskoy oblasti (GAOO) [State Archive of Orenburg region (GAOO)]. F. 2. Op. 1. D. 4. [In Russian]
10. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii. Sobr. 1-e: v 45 t. T. XI: 1740–1743. № 8111 [Complete collected laws of the Russian Empire. Collection 1: in 45 volumes. Vol. 11: 1740–1743. No. 8111]. Saint-Petersburg, 1825, pp. 117, 118. [In Russian]
11. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii. Sobr. 1-e: v 45 t. T. XI: 1740–1743. № 8421 [Complete collected laws of the Russian Empire. Collection 1: in 45 volumes. Vol. 11: 1740–1743. No. 8421]. Saint-Petersburg, 1825, p. 459. [In Russian]
12. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii. Sobr. 1-e: v 45 t. T. XII: 1740–1744–1748. № 8887 [Complete collected laws of the Russian Empire. Collection 1: in 45 volumes. Vol. 11: 1740–1744–1748. No. 8887]. Saint-Petersburg, 1825, pp. 33–36. [In Russian]
13. Erofeeva I. V. Khan Abulkhair – polkovodets, pravitel', politik [Khan Abulkhair – commander, ruler, politician]. Alma-Ata: Dayk-Press, 2007, 484 p. [In Russian]
14. GAOO. F. 3. Op. 1. D. 14.
15. GAOO. F. 3. Op. 1. D. 19.
16. GAOO. F. 3. Op. 1. D. 8. 


Дата создания: 17.11.2020 15:50
Дата обновления: 18.11.2020 11:03