Dzhundzhuzov Stepan Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, associate professor, professor at the sub-department of Russian history, Orenburg State Pedagogical University (19 Sovetskaya street, Orenburg, Russia), E-mail: Djund@yandex.ru
Background. From the moment of its foundation, Orenburg province has had scarce population. One of the sources of its replenishment, according to the Orenburg authorities, could be Ukrainian immigrants – Cherkasy. The article considers poorly studied issues related to the organization of resettlement and the circumstances impeding Ukrainian migrants to establish lasting settlements in the Orenburg frontier.
Materials and methods. The research sources include the materials and documents presented in the collections on the history of the Orenburg Cossacks and the history of Russian-Kazakh relations. A large number of materials is represented in the collections of the Orenburg Commission and the Orenburg provincial office, the State archive of Orenburg region. The method of critical analysis of historical sources was used to determine the reliability and representativeness of the documentary material.
Results. In the course of the study were analyzed normative acts, regulating the procedure and conditions of resettlement of Ukrainians to the Southern Urals, identified the location and the number of immigrants. Due to economic problems and weak protection of the Orenburg boundary line, the majority of Ukrainians returned to Ruthenia. A special attention was paid to activities of the Orenburg administration on the return of the Ukrainian Cossacks from the Kirghiz-Kaisak captivity.
Conclusions. A project to relocate the Little Russian Cossacks of Cherkasy, had not meet the expectations. After several years of poverty and deprivation most of them chose to return to Eastern Ukraine. The exception was a few dozen families settled several hundred versts away from Orenburg in Samara, Volga region, on the river Kinel. Involuntarily Cherkasy were caught in the midst of worsening relations between the ruler of the Junior Zhuz Abulkhair Khan and the Governor of Orenburg Neplyuev. The capture of more than eighty of the Little Russian Cossacks and the subsequent three-year “bargaining” for their release also fits into the historical
fabric of Russian-Kazakh relations and the history of Russian diplomacy of the 18th century.
province, Cossacks, population, immigrants, captivity, decree, Ukrainians, frontier
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